It is an evolutionary stage, a passage in life that requires the child to go through it in order to subsequently arrive in the "world" of young adults.
In this passage of life, which lasts about 12 to 18 years, children are literally shaken by many and complex changes starting from the hormonal one up to the ideological one.
The hormonal component, even if the most natural, hides very significant secondary implications on a physical level (such as the change of voice in males and the development of the breast in females), on a psychological level (such as experiencing new emotions such as that of depression, typical of this age).
It is this period of life that boys and girls ideologically and mentally move away from the family unit to find other examples to follow and from which to search for their own identity, and then return close (if possible) to the initial model of the family. In this period of time the adolescent has to deal with all the experiences that were not overcome during childhood and try to overcome them as best as possible without scars, in fact very often today more than in the past the "teenagers" carry with them a very negative experience which makes the person burdened in his long journey.
The family plays a fundamental role in all this and must be able to support (and endure) the emotional chaos that has been unleashed in the child; the family plays an important role as it is itself interested in change, because it must itself find its own internal balance, which is why the whole structure should be reviewed and modulated again.
Currently, the adolescent, unlike years ago, finds himself managing different identities, the most important are the body one (as the body is a mediator between them and the world), the social one (as it varies according to the role one intends to assume in a certain context) and that of the network (a new type of identity that parents are not able to grasp in all its nuances as they never had one during their adolescence, this identity becomes fluid and multiple all inside the web, it would have very strong effects even "off-line"). Among these, it seems that the network identity is the most significant for new adolescents, which unfortunately if attacked directly or indirectly could lead to behaviors that could even be harmful to the person.
Within this context the Psychologist introduces himself as a reference figure on the one hand for the family and on the other for the adolescent, as both need constant support to find a balance and a new definition of themselves.