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08 / Jun / 2021



Very often when we talk about bullying, both sides of this non-functional relationship are not taken into consideration: the bully (characterized by systematic bullying actions carried out) and the victim (considered an easy target, a weak one) .

Bullying can be of two types: direct, with physical, verbal, explicit attacks on the victim; indirectly, to harm relationships, to cause isolation, through gossip and slander, this also through the use of the internet, thus turning into cyberbullying (attacking the victim's network identity).

For the joke to no longer be considered as such, to be considered bullying it must persist over time, there must be no balance of power between those who perform actions and those who suffer them, and above all there must be no possibility of defense by the victim.

A further difference is found within the gender groups, that is, males tend to carry out direct actions by hitting males and females, while females carry out indirect actions by hitting females of the same age.

A famous survey carried out by Telephone Azzurro in 2014 he helped bring to light data that up to that moment were not fully known:

• the school seemed to be the place where the phenomenon was most developed;

• the reactions of the victims were different, but the most significant data refers to the fact that 22.7% said nothing and kept the secret;

• 48.2 of the interviewees considered the help of adults to be very useful.

It is clear that the families (of the abusers and of the victims) must be warned to inform them of the events, as they are responsible for the minor children, the report must be reported to the School (if the original place of the phenomenon) as regulations avoid such behaviors, must also be reported to the police (Carabinieri and / or Police) as also in this case there are laws to respect.

The role of the Psychologist in these circumstances it is multiple as not only can it give support to the families involved, but it can also provide an important support and contribution within the School by training the teachers, giving them strategies to prevent and manage bullying situations.

@ Studio_Psy_Dr.Letizia_DeMori





25 / Mar / 2021

Food disorders

Lilac Bow Day

Today March 15th, is the national day of the Lilac Ribbon, dedicated to nutrition disorders and
of nutrition, including anorexia and bulimia. This anniversary has been present for 9 years which it wants to lead to
greater reflection on these disorders. It is an initiative born from the father of a 17 year old girl who a
cause of bulimia he lost his life on this very day. Anorexia and bulimia nervous affect
mostly girls aged between 15 and 19, but the onset decreases every year,
also affecting the male category. Fundamental for this class of disorders is to identify them and
intervene early, as if not treated adequately and promptly, they increase the
risk of permanent damage to the whole organism, which in severe cases can lead to death. In this
long year, characterized by a global pandemic, we have evidence of an aggravation of the disorders
food, especially in adolescents. The pandemic is bringing about numerous social changes e
relational, this predominantly involves adolescents and children who are experiencing the
loneliness, given by the fact that there is no longer the socialization linked to the school environment and activity
physics. Social isolation leads to an increase in eating disorders because the management of emotions
occurs through the food symptom. This symptom can be dietary, caloric or restriction
cognitive, which leads to "cutting" or reducing the total amount of food introduced, or binges (objective or
subjective), which consist in eating a large amount in a short period of time (about 2 hours)
of food with loss of control, i.e. the inability to stop such episodes. In a period in which the activities
outside the home are reduced to a minimum there was a worsening of the concern related to
weight and shape of the body, and of the diet itself, this highlights as the specific symptoms of such
pathology related to the effects of the pandemic create a predisposing environment for the aggravation of
food symptoms. One study (Ramalho, SM, Trovisqueira, A., de Lourdes, M. et al. The impact of COVID-
19 lockdown on disordered eating behaviors: the mediation role of psychological distress. Eat Weight
Disord 2021) published on "Eating and weight disorders" examined 325 subjects with disorders
of nutrition, mainly anorexia nervosa, with the aim of understanding which factors of the pandemic
(isolation, fear of contagion, job loss) caused symptoms to develop and worsen
food. From what emerged, the fear of contagion and isolation caused a worsening of the lesions
eating symptoms, along with reduced social contact with friends and worsening relationships
family members. There are several alarm bells that need to be taken into account as a lot of attitudes
restrictive nutrition, reduction of calorie intake and elimination of certain categories of foods
(often carbohydrates). In addition to these, attention must be paid to the tendency towards isolation, to
excessive weight measurement or avoidance, a tendency to skip meals or sluggishness
to eat. It is essential to maintain a normal weight that allows us to stay healthy and be comfortable with
ourselves, learning to be more flexible and less judgmental with ourselves is the key to good
psychophysical balance.

Dr. Deborah Fasoli

28 / Jan / 2021

Psychologists and Psychologists


Some risks to which psychologists and psychologists are exposed every day

In the common idea, almost a stereotype, psychologists are seen as similar seers, who read in the mind, are sometimes considered as a danger (especially for the most troubled minds and
In reality, psychologists are also people and as such they must be considered and treated, that is, with
respect and that right feeling, so as not to forget that we too from behind ours
desk we can be exposed to dangers.
In this regard, I believe and it could be emblematic to report an event that is often perpetuated,
especially for psychologists, or harassment that passes through a veiled attempt to help
and psychological support.
Many times we Psychologists are exposed to provocations, prevarications, verbal and sexual abuse,
verable and physical aggression, we are subjected to more or less direct threats, as women.
Our willingness to offer our skills and that intimacy that has always characterized
the rooms of ours Education, we also provide the our numbers phone to be more a
handy for all those who need in the moment of mental and daily difficulty
to be able to cry out in silence the discomfort that makes their thoughts troubled… in the midst of all of ours
professionalism there are also those who see our availability as an opportunity, but not of
therapy but of abuse and with not too veiled words they insinuate themselves into our days
with very specific requests.
Psychologists and Psychologists are always exposed to mental and physical dangers, abuse and violence, in
as for their role and their mission they expose themselves and take the responsibility to act
at the forefront.
Psychologists and psychologists may also fear for their safety, but the sense of
responsibility that characterizes us and unites us, gives us the desire and strength to overcome abuses, the
threats and the continuous persecutions that the most fragile and troubled people address us.

@ Studio_Psy_Dr.Letizia_DeMori


22 / Oct / 2020

Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT) can represent a valid support, together with actions of a more practical nature, for boys who are victims of bullying, through a work aimed at modifying what REBT calls dysfunctional thoughts, which have the characteristic of being so rooted, rigid and automatic that they do not allow reality to be interpreted objectively.

05 / Jul / 2020

Depression is an emotion with meaning and adaptive function (in both humans and animals). Mourning, changes and stressful events are stimuli which in humans can cause a depressive reaction and which should initially be considered as protective.

12 / Feb / 2020


The use of the term "Anxiety" is now used very often to indicate a strong emotion that involves discomfort, in reality Anxiety is the manifestation of multiple reactions (cognitive, physical and behavioral) towards a stimulus that our mind perceives and records as threatening, dangerous, to which a reaction seems difficult. It is also true that Anxiety is a very important emotion which has had the opportunity to develop through the evolution of man, generating an organ in the brain responsible for it, the amygdala.


Anxiety can cause secondary reactions and behaviors at different levels:

• physical: tremor, sweating, increased heart rate, agitation, tachycardia, nausea, tension, dizziness, tingling, depersonalization and derelization, chest pain, shortness of breath.

• cognitive: increase in the level of aurosal (state of alert, as the danger seems to intensify), sense of mental emptiness, increase in memories and negative thoughts, feelings of being observed.

• behavioral: hyperactivity, seeking reassurance in others, escape routes, avoiding the situation considered dangerous.

Very often, those who feel this emotion very strongly also establish a vicious circle directly linked to the fear of feeling anxiety, or experiencing the evolution of the anxiety attack (panic attack), this subsequently becomes isolation making the person closed. within its more familiar walls.


The most known disorders related to anxiety are some: specific phobia (spiders, mice, ...), panic disorder, agoraphobia (fear of being in crowded spaces), obsessive-compulsive disorder, social phobia (fear of doing actions in front of others , receiving negative judgments), post-traumatic stress disorder (following a highly stressful and traumatic event that one experienced directly or as a witness), generalized anxiety disorder (constant state of anxiety).

The psychologist helps to manage symptoms, to recognize the emotion of anxiety and to manage it appropriately, therapy related to anxiety disorder, in particular the therapy cognitive-behavioral , is the most applied with very high efficacy indices and percentages, the same scientific community considers it the first choice therapy.

@ Studio_Psy_Dr.Letizia_DeMori



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